Info And Facts, Periyar


Information about Alleppey

A pleasant place to escape from the madding crowds of the cities and towns, Periyar is a nice place to cruise on the lake, a place to enjoy a jungle walk with an opportunity to see the wild animals. Set high in the ranges of the Western Ghats, in Kerala, is the Periyar famous for its National Park and Tiger Reserve. The park has a picturesque lake at the heart of the sanctuary. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a perennial source of water for the local wildlife. Herds of elephant and sambar, gaur and wild pigs wander down to the lakeside and can be observed from the launches that cruise the lake. 

The Periyar protected area lies in the middle of a mountainous area of the Cardamom Hills. In the north and the east it is bounded by mountain ridges of over 1700 metres altitude and toward the west it expands into a 1200 meter high plateau. From this level the altitude drops steeply to the deepest point of the reserve, the 100 meter valley of thePamba River. The highest peak is the 2019 meter high Kottamalai.

The sanctuary surrounds picturesque 26 km² Periyar lake, formed by the building ofMullaperiyar Dam in 1895. This reservoir and the Periyar River meander around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a permanent source of water for the local wildlife.

Tourist attractions 

Some of the famous tourist attractions in Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thekkady are – 

  • Flora: The tropical, deciduous and semi-evergreen forests are characterized by tall trees and a closed canopy. Extensive patches of grasslands alternate with the forests.
  • Fauna: You can see elephants, bisons, antelopes, sambars, wild boars and may be even tigers at the sanctuary. The birdlife includes darters, cormorants, kingfishers, great Malabar hornbills and racket-tailed drongoes.
  • Reptiles: Monitor lizards, Pythons, king cobras, flying lizards, flying squirrels, flying snakes and flying frogs are the reptilian inhabitants of this incredible sanctuary.
  • Park Trips: The Periyar Lake offers excellent Boat cruises for tourists, enabling you to spot elephants, Wild Boar, and Sambar Deer by the water's edge.


Best time to visit Periyar is between the months of October and April. 

Onam: Onam is a traditional festival of Kerala. It reminds every Keralite on those days of plenty, equality, and honesty when King Mahabali ruled the kingdom of Kerala. Onam is celebrated to commemorate the visit of King Mahabali to his home land every year. This festival falls in the month of August or September according to the moon calendar.
Vishu : The day, 14 April, holds special importance to the people of Kerala since Vishu heralds the Malayalees New Year. Vishu is the first day in the first Malayalam month of Medam. Though it is the ninth month in the new calendar, astrologers continue to follow the older one and thus consider the first day of Medam to be the New Year Day.
Thrissur Pooram : Kerala's foremost festivals -THRISSUR POORAM, celebrated in April/May. Thrissur, the cultural capital of the state of Kerala, is a small district located at the centre of the state. The district has at its centre an oval shaped open ground known as the Thekkinkadu Maiden.

Periyar Facts and Figures
Area : 778 sq km.
Altitude :

900-2000 metres.


  How to Reach Periyar
Air : Nearest airport : Madurai (Tamil Nadu) 140 kms, Kochi (Nedumbassery - 185 km), Thiruvananthapuram (265 kms).
Rail : Nearest railway station is Kumarakom 114 kms. Madurai station is about 136 kms.
Road : An excellent road network from kumily (4 kms) links the to all major towns and cities in india.

In and Around Periyar
 The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Lying close to the plantations, in the rich jungles of Periyar in Thekkady is one of the world's most fascinating natural wildlife reserves - the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.  Spread across 777 sq.km, of which 360 sq.km is thick evergreen forest.  Noted for its geomorphology, diversity of wildlife and scenic beauty, the Reserve attracts visitors from all over the world. 
The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaperiyar Dam across the Periyar adds to the charm of the park.  This is the only sanctuary in India where you can have the unique experience of viewing wildlife at close quarters from the safety of a boat on the lake.  The greatest attraction of Periyar, however, are the herds of wild elephants that come down to play in the lake.


A place for adventure tourism and trekking.  This will offer a panoramic view of Kumily town and Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.

It is located at a distance of 4 kms from Thekkady. This plantation town, closely associated with thekkady, is situated on the outskirts of the periyar sanctuary. An important shopping centre and spice trade centre.
Nearly at a distance of 25 kms from Kumily, this is one of the world's largest auction centres for cardamom. A walk through the sprawling cardamom plantations of Vandanmedu is a heady experience. 
It is located at a distance of 26 km from Periyar. The winding journey to this hill town, along the Periyar River, offers a stunning view of the rolling hills draped in lush greenery.  Velvet lawns, rare flora and fauna add to the beauty of Pullumedu which can be accessed only by jeep.  The famous Sree Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala and the Makara Jyothi illumination at the shrine are visible from here. 

It is located at a distance of 40 km from Thekkady. Rolling green hills and the fresh mountain air make Ramakalmedu an enchanting retreat. The hills top also offers a Panoramic view of picturesque villages of Bodi and Cumbum on the Eastern slop of the western ghats.

List of Periyar hotels