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Information about Kozhikode

Early history of Calicut is not clear except few rock-cut scripts found in some parts of the district. It is in Sangam age, the district was ruled by the Cheras. This region became a major centre of trade between Kerala and outside world. In 13th century, Udaiyavar, the king of Ernad, conquered the area around Ponniankar and built a fort at a place called Velapuram, now known as Calicut. With the entry of Vasco da Gama in 1498, many Europeans came to this region. After many disputes over the control of Calicut continued till 1792, the East India Company went into an agreement with the local Zamori rulers to directly administer this area. The whole of Cochin was under the control of the British until the Independence in 1947. Calicut today is one of the most important centers of trade and business.
 

Geography of Kozhikode

Kozhikode is located at approx. 11.25°N 75.77°E. It has an elevation of 1 metre (3 feet)along the coast with the city's eastern edges rising to at least 15 metre, with a sandy coastal belt and a lateritic midland. The city has a 15 km long shore line and small hills dot the terrain in the eastern and central regions. Kozhikode is one the five Municipal Corporations in Kerala. It became a Municipality on 3 July 1866. The regions' population was then 36,602 inhabiting an area of 28.48 sq. km. It was later made a Municipal Corporation in 1962. Currently, the Corporation is spread over an area of 84.232 sq. km. To the city's west is the Arabian Sea  and from apprx. 60 km to east rises the Sahyadri  Mountains.

A deep network of lakes, canals, estuaries and wetlands runs through the city. Prominent among these is theCanoli Canal built in 1848 to connect the Korapuzha river in the north to Kallayi river in the south. A vast system of wetland(mangrove) forests pervade the city from Kallai river to Eranjikkal in the north forming the most crucial lifeline of the city. The Kotooli wetlands are notable in this respect. In spite of the wetlands crucial role in maintenance of biodiversity, climatology balance, ground water table and in flood management, they have come under increasing threat due to callous management and self-serving commercial interests, compounded by an ignorance of their significance by the local population.

A number of rivers originating from the Sahyadri runs along the outer reaches of the city of Kozhikode. These include the Chaliyar puzha, Kallayi Puzha Korapuzha river, Poonoorpuzha(river), and Iravanjhi puzha. Of these, Kallai river that runs through the southern part of the city has been the most important culturally and historically for Kozhikode.


Tourist attractions in Kozhikode

Pookot Lake
The Pookot is a natural fresh water lake surrounded by meadows and trees on all sides and is a haven for peace-loving travelers. It is located half way from Kozhikode/ Calicut half an hour ahead of Kalpetta. 

Ettumanoor Temple
Ettumanoor is a Hindu pilgrimage, famous for the legendary 16th century Shiva Temple. The Shiva temple is an example of Kerala's indigenous style of temple architecture, incorporating clear-cut woodcarvings and murals, including an exceptionally striking one of Shiva as Nataraja, where he crushed underfoot the evil spirit represented by a demon. 

Krishnan Menon Museum
The Krishna Menon Museum has a section in honor of the great Indian leader V.K. Krishna Menon, whose personal belongings and souvenirs presented by leaders and friends are exhibited here. 

Malabar Mahotsavam
Malabar Mahotsavam is a cultural show that showcases the centuries old rich cultural heritage of Kerala. The event is at Mananchira maidan in the heart of Kozhikode town from 13th to 16th January every year. 

Pazhassi Raja Museum
The Pazhassiraja Museum, run by the State Archaeological Department is located at East Hill and displays ancient murals, old coins and antique bronzes as well as models of temples and megalithic monuments. 

Thali Temple
Thali temple is located downtown Kozhikode and is an important temple of the former Zamorin Kingdom of Kozhikode. The Thali temple is famous for the 'Revathi Pattathanam', an annual competition of pedagogic skills. 

Dolphin's Point
Just a few kilometers from the city center is the Dolphin's Point, where you can spot dolphins playing in the sea of an early morning. The long tree-lined beach, about 2 km away, is popular with the local people because of the Lions Club Park and the lighthouse. 

Mananchira
Mananchira is the heart of the Kozhikode city and has important institutions like the Town Hall and the Public Library. One of Kozhikode's oldest institutions, the Commonwealth Trust's office is located here at Mananchira. 

Thikkoti Lighthouse
The Thikkoti lighthouse is an important attraction of Kozhikode/Calicut and was built after a shipwreck, the remains of which can still be seen here.