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Info And Facts, kottayam

About kottayam
Bordered by the lofty Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and Paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam is a land of unique characteristics. Panoranic backwater stretches, lush paddy fields, highlands, extensive rubber plantations and a totally literate people have given this district the enviable title: The land of letters, latex and lakes. Kottayam is the ideal take - off point for visits to Peermede, Munnar, Idukki, Thekkady, Ernakulam and the temple city of madurai.
 

Tourist attractions in Kottayam

The main tourist attraction in Kottayam are the Vembanad Lake, Anchuvilakku, Erumeli, Kannadipara, Vazhikkadavu. Kottayam is alsoknown for its religious harmony. There are over 50 temples and 70 churches including a 1000 year old mosque in this district. Besides this, Kottayam is also the gateway to the pilgrim centres of Sabarimala, Mannanam, Vaikom, Ettumanoor, Bharananganam, Erumeli, Manarcad, Aruvithura, Athirampuzha and the temples of Perunna, Vazhapalli and Thrikkodithanam near Changanacherry. 

 
Geography
Kottayam district has a total area of 2208 sq. km. The district is naturally divided into high land, midland and lowland, the bulk being constituted by the midland regions. Meenachil and Kanjirappally Taluks have high land and midland areas while Kottayam, Changanassery and Vaikom Taluks have midland and lowland areas. Kanjirappally and Meenachil Taluks have Laterite soil, where as Vaikom Taluk, part of Changanassery and Kottayam Taluks have Aluvial soil. The district has no coastal area.
The important rivers of the district are the Meenachil River, the Muvattupuzha River and the Manimala River. The 78 km. long Meenachil River flows through the Taluks of Meenachil, Vaikom and Kottayam. It has a catchment area of 1272 km2 and utilizable water resource of 1110 mm3. The River is formed by several streams originating from the Western Ghats in Idukki district. At Erattupetta, Poonjar River also joins it, takes a sharp turn and flows towards the west. At Kondur, it is joined by the Chittar and at Lalam it receives the Payapparathodu and flows in a south-west direction till it reaches Kottayam. Here it branches into several streams before emptying into the Vembanad Lake. The important towns in the basin are Pala, Poonjar, Ettumanoor and Kottayam. Meenachil Medium Irrigation project is having a net ayacut of 9960 hectares, 155 sq.km. catchment area and a water spread area of 228 hectares.
 
Festival

Sabarimala Makaravilakku Maholsavam
Sabarimala Sree Dharmasastha Kshethram, situated in the green exotic forest on the slopes of Western Ghats in Pathanamthitta district, attracts milions of pilgrims every year from all over India. Two important camps at Sabarimala are one at Pamba and the other at Sannidhanam (the temple premise). The main season for pilgrimage starts from 2nd week of Nov. to the end of Makaravilakku Maholsavam. Makaravilakku is celebrated on 14th Jan. Womens between the age 10 - 50 are not allowed after pamba. Pilgrims who have erumudikkettu (a parcel of holy items to be carried on head) are only allowed entry through Pathinettam Padi (18 holy steps).

Erumeli - Petta Kettu

Petta Kettu by the team from Ambalappuzha is most prestigious and is held on 11th Jan.05. The unique features of Ambalapuzha Petta Kettu is that is starts only after seeing an Eagle, encircling in the sky at Kochambalam. Over 500 devotees participate in this procession.Pettakettu is a ritualistic procession observed by Sabarimala pilgrims on the way to Sabarimala at Erumeli in Kotayyam district. Pilgrims usually in black clothes, coloured facial makeup carrying symbolic weapons accompained by drumbeats, move in groups from Kochambalam (the small temple of Lord Ayyappan) to Vavar mosque and ends at Valiyambalam (the main temple). This is conducted by almost all pilgrim groups going via Erumeli and can be seen during the main season of Sabarimala pilgrimage (15th Nov.' 04 to 26th Dec.' 04 and 1st to 20th Jan.' 05).Erumeli is a small village situated 56km from Kottayam.

Ettumanoor ulsavam
Kodiyettu on the first day - Aarattu on the last day; Other temple arts and cultural programmes are staged. 17th Ezharaponnana Ezhunnallathu. Ezhara means seven and half and Ponnana the golden elephant. Each of the seven elephants is two feet high and the eight one is of one foot only. Hence they are together called seven and half elephants. Statues of these elephants were offered to the temple by the then ruler of Travancore, Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma. The Ezhara Ponnana procession is held on the eight hand tenth day of the festival. Ettumanur is 12km north of Kottayam town.
Pakkil Sree Dharmasastha Kshethram - Ulsavam
Kodiyettu, Temple arts, Cultural programmes are conducted. Aarattu is on the last day. After Sabarimala, this is the only temple having the Goddess Malikapurathamma as subsidiary deity. The temple is situated 1.5km from Pallam Jn. on Kottayam.

 
  Kottayam Facts and Figures
  Area :   2203sq. km
  Altitude :   Sea Level
  Population :   18,20,000 ( 1991 census )
 
  How to Reach Kottayam
  Air : Nearest airports Kochi (76 km), Thiruvananthapuram ( 160 km ).
  Rail : The railway station is situated 2 km from the central bus station and is connected to the major cities of India.
  Road : An excellent network of roads connects the districtto all themajor towns and cities of India.
  Backwaters : There are two ferry stations. The Town Jetty is about 3 km from the railway station and operates services during the monsoon. During summer, boats are operated fro the Kodimatha Jetty.
 
  Kottayam City
  Kumarakom
An unbelievably beautiful paradise of mangorve forests, emerald green paddy fields and coconut roves interspersed with enchanting waterways and canals adorned with white lilies.
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  In and Around Kottayam
 Pathiramanal
This 10 arce island on the backwaters is home to many rare varietis of migratory birds from different parts of the world. According to mythology birds from different parts of the world. According to mythology a young brahmin dived into the Vembanad Lake to rise from below, thus creating the enchanting island, Pathiramanal (sands of midnight).
 
 Mannanam Tourist Home
This was set up by the DTPC to provide quality accommodation to the holidaying crowd. An intricate network of shimmering waterways embroider the richl green landscape, making the land charming in every detail. Boat cruise packages are being thoughtly the Pennar Canal to the pituresque backwater districts of Alappuzha and Ernakulam.
 
 Karimbukayam - Meloram
This quaint spot on the Manimala River that flows between the Kanjirapally ( a plantation town) and Erumeli panchyat is much sought - after for ts natural splendours. However whats makes the place really popular are the occasional exotic water fiestas on the reservoirs organised by the enthusiastic people. 
The natural reservoirs and waterfalls at Melaruvithodu on the Ernakulam - Thekkady road is in no way inferior to the other picturesque regions of Kottayam.
 
 Erumeli
60 km north- east of Kottayam town. Nestled in the lush green Western Ghats is this nature-rich village. This is also the entrance point to South India's most prominent pilgrim centres - the Sabarmiala Temple. At Kanakapalam nearby, teak plantations dot the landscape.
Vavarambalam, Eumeli : This mosque is dedicated to Vavar, a companion of the deity - Sree Ayyappa - of the Sabarimala temple. The mosque is unique in that Hindu pilgrims customarily worship here before their trek to Sabarimala.
 
 Ilaveezhapoonchira
Skirting the Kottayam district are beautiful valleys of Ilaveezhapoonchira, spread over thousands of acres. The verdant landscape punctuated by four gigantic hills, each rising to around 3200 ft., is an ideal place to unwind. During the monsoons when the valley fills up to form ascenic lake, this place unveils yet another beautiful slice of nature.
 
 Kannadipara
As the name suggests, the valley of this rocky mountain reflect the morning sun with a mirror like perfection. This is also the hightest point in Ilaveezhapoonchira. 3 km from here is the Pazhakakanam Plateau nourished by the Kadapuzha River. An added attraction here is the Kazhukaniumlimali Waterfalls that playfully cascade down the mountain and greet the river below with a magnificent splash. On the eastern side of Kannadipara is a natural fort set amidst steep rocks.
 
 Marmala Stream
This scenic stream and its breathtaking waterfalls are together referred to as the enchantress of the jungle. Sliding down numerous hillocks from a height of 200ft. the gushing water has etched out over the years a deep pond in the rocks.
 
 Poonjar Palace
It contains extraordinary royal collection of antiques and exquisite furniture which include a palanquin, a thoni- careved out of a single piece of wood- for ayurvedic massages, huge chandeliers, palm leaf engravings, jewel boxes, different varieties, sculptures etc. The most fascinating thing here in the Chuttuvilakku carved out on stone walls of the Sastha Temple nearby. Such rocks are rare in India.

 

 
 
 
List of kottayam hotels